The since filed Gemology is the one responsible for dealing with gem-stones. In this field including subjects like research of the different minerals and different gasses for the variety of gemstones , to decide the geographic locations where its more likely and possible to find types of gem stones , and determine the physical and visual qualities of the gem stones. (indeed – this filed also have active part for setting the prices of different stones by giving certifications of quality and value for gem stones and jewelry with gem stones).
From the beginning of the history its known to us about the great interest and involvement in the persuading after the colorful gemstones. Ancient hunters and worriers used to ornament them self with the spoil of hunt and war , religious priests wearing the traditional jewelry and gem-stones covered clothing sometimes also presenting symbols of holiness , kings and governess collecting great treasures of gem-stones , and of curse the infamous known pirates with the many journeys for seeking the precious gem-stones.
Lets make some order:
As we mentioned before – the gem-stone world is the world of minerals and gasses inside the earth on nourishing environment – grow and rise along the years and becoming to be gem-stones that presenting verity of colors and hues , like those we can only find on gem-stones. Some types of stones will be clear and others cloudy , few types of stones have crystal shaped structural and others are amorphic (with no order shape) , some stones are softer and other are stronger and more resilience . there’s very wide range of gem-stone types with different look and qualities , they are known and traded by human . collecting those stone done by mostly mining them from earth .
For types of gem-stones with high demand the follow procedure will be splitting and shaping and then polish the stone , in those stages the stone take out the visual potential its have , and the beauty and shine of the stone reaching the its peak – as the way we know the aesthetic and symmetric shape of the gem-stones we know when they are set on jewelry.
Its possible to say those-days that from the highest demand and pricing list for gem-stones the “precious-stones” are the most valuable group of stones. On this groups along others we can find the Diamond , Sapphire , Emerald and Ruby . this group as is name appley can reach to very high prices specially for sized and high quality stones.
The trade with gem-stones:
Because of the high prices for the quality gem-stones, and the relative small size of them – the gem-stones always used as attractive currency , many systems for pricing the different gem-stones , and obviously its also connected to the stone availability , to the supply and demand , and to the negotiation between the client and the seller. On the international route – traders can make high profits from buying stones in one side and then to sale it somewhere else.
On the historic article about pricing of gem-stones during the times – 1935 Sidney bell – its mention that after the Spain conquering of Peru , A boat with Spanish worriers arrives to Italy shore , one of the worriers show to Italian gem-stone trader beautiful big green emerald stone , the Italian trader offer him very high price for the stone , the warier then show him A big chest full with those stones , the trader then tall him he need to show this merchant to the king because its proper and can be purchase only by royalty.
Few interesting facts about gem-stones:
Gem-stone made out from pure carbon , defined as the nature hardest material (10 – Mhos scale) , with white and clear look . if while growing in earth near by different types of gasses was present – the diamond can be with color. The pricing for diamond are set by few qualities: the color (shade) , weight , clean and cut (4C).
The “Cullinan” diamond was the biggest raw diamond ever mined , weight – 620 grams (nearly 3100 Ct.) in 1905 . the diamond purchase by king Edward the seventh – king of Britanie , and send to split and cut to the master crafter of stones for that time – Joseph Y. Ascher – at Netherlands . the diamond had split to 9 smaller diamonds of different sizes.
Here is the place to mention Joseph Acher – great adventurer and explorer of cutting stones. Acher his responsible to many methods and techniques using even those days for cutting and shaping stones.
Gem-stone from the corundum family (oxidized aluminum *Al2O3) , defined as the third hardest material on nature (9-mhos scale) , after the diamond and moissanite . sapphire gem-stone exist in many shades , when the brighter ones has the higher demand.
Along the years the sapphire stone recognized with the Britain royal family , also the famous designs of – “Diana jewelry” – whiche include one main oval sapphire stone , surrounded by many small diamonds. This design named after princess Diana whom was the responsible for the design , and had the famous ring from this design.
Green gem-stone , from the Beryl mineral family .
The emerald stone listed as very gentle stone – and the reason for this is its relative lower hardness of the emerald material , and also gentle crystally structure , the work of setting this stone inside jewelry need to be execute with extra caution.
That possible to engrave in the surface of the emerald stone , and many cultures had cameos and symbols with the engraved emerald stones. In 1992 the engraving and fashion work for the biggest emerald gemstone in the world was completed. The engraving done by the master stone engraver – Thomas R. MacFee . the wight of this engraved emerald is 1550 Ct. (about 300 gram) , and its valued around 1.85 million US dollars.
Another stone with corundom family , red colored and has wind range of shades from soft cherry to dark red . part from the biggest ruby mining around the world is done in Burma (mianmar) , Macedonia , Colombia , Afghanistan , Australia and Brazil .
With no doubt – the “sun-rise” ruby stone it’s the colored gem-stone ever been sold. The stone mined in Burma , and got the name after the poem by the Sufi poet – Rumi . this ruby wight 25.29 Ct. (5.1 gram) , very clean and with the desired shade – “pigeon blood”. The stone set into ring by Cartier , and after the ring sold on auction with the unbelievable price of 30.42 million US dollars.
“even the darkest night will end , as the sun-rise”
I hope you enjoyed and got wiser.