So – what its metal?
The metal (on its pure state) is nature element , we also can find it on the periodic table. Silver – Ag-47 , Gold – Au-79. Nature element it’s the definition for natural matter that’s exist on nature , we can get it by mining and different ways for collecting it.
Between the different metals there is few differences -color, and other characters giving each metal its uniqueness , and the practical use of it.
gold and silver have few special qualities , between those – the quality of bringing the outer surface of the metal to high level of polish and shine , this quality named “luster” , and this is also one of the main reasons this metals prized in the jewelry world.
Jewelry world and industry always was involved in developing and promoting the metals branch , the reasons for this laydown with the need and the option to apply manipulation on metals for creating jewelry’s with different characteristics of color, durability , strength , and ductility (ability to draw the metal) , as well the issue of lowering the price for high cost metals, and make the jewelry affordable for the average buyer.
In part – the upgrades developed by the world and industry of jewelry making achieved the ability of mixing together different types of metals by melting (heating the metal till in comes to be liquidous) and mixing them together . when using this process we get A new metal composed from few different metals , an –”alloy”.
Theres many reasons for using metal alloys. the reasons using alloy in jewelry world are the desire to achieve – color , strength and few more characteristic that will help to build and create durable jewelry. We also using alloys within jewelry manufacturing for lowering the price of the pure precious metals by mixing them with other cheaper metals.
Gold for example – In his pure state defined as –”24K”(K- for karat), which mean 100% pure . but using it when creating jewelry is rare because of few reasons:
First – the gold on its pure state its soft material, some may say – to soft for fabricating jewelry , and if we decide to create jewelry from it its will not be protected and will be prone to quick wear. Another reason its the high price for pure gold which can be sometimes more than double compering to other gold alloys .
Alloy consist 75% pure gold (18 out of 24 = 75%).
Alloy consist 58% pure gold (14 out of 24 = 58%).
About the rest of “ingredients” within the alloy recipe: Its mostly depend on the result we want to get- Today gold is widely exist in 3 colors: yellow (the goldy) , red (or rose) and white . The differences between the 3 gold colors alloys it’s the different component of other metals inside the alloy.
For rose gold the additive will be mostly cooper – causing to the alloy to be red and also to be much stronger.
For yellow gold – usually mixture of metals combined from silver, copper and zinc (another metallic element with golden hue).
For white gold – adding silver and palladium – another precious metal with special characters.
And beyond the above – many options for creating different types of alloys with different and interesting results are possible and exist.
Another fundamental reason to prefer certain types of metals above others it’s the physical property of metals , the “novelty”.
The novelty property it’s the character of material to preserve itself from environment affections. Within the novel metals category there’s types of metals who can preserve themselves for very long period of time without getting affected from surrounding , or to be damaged from the outside infections.
This way – gold ring for example ,would be able to preserve the golden shine color for years without getting stained or dirty.
More interesting alloys:
Natural alloy that appearing in nature and on mines, mostly consist equal mix of gold and silver , and sometimes consist small amount of copper.
Ancient Greece named this alloy – “white gold”, and the alloy widely used on byzantine times (300-600 A.D.) for most because the availability for mining this metal. (silver gold – 50\50)
This alloy combined from cooper and tin – another metalic element – Tin50 , the result of mixing this two metals its alloy which the sound of it is very long and unique , because of it , this alloy preferred by the bell makers. (Copper Tin 78\22)
Modern alloy , developed by NASA for creating metal spaceships parts. When developed this alloy , NASA engineers failed to combine the different liquids metals (after melting them), As a result NASA developed a new sophisticated process which start regularly by melting the metals but instead mixing them, the different metals sprayed into still container where the tiny particles of metals collected, after this the tiny balls getting compressed with heat and pressure for welding them all together to one uniform metal.
This new technique open new and adventures hatch in the jewelry industry and creating world.
Metal world is full scientific world for itself, and it’s definitely contain many knowledge and countless conclusions. With the context to the jewelry world , this knowledge can be very assisting when-ever we dealing with buying and creating piece of jewelry. And also beyond, this knowledge enrich our internal world, and it’s interesting.
Hope you enjoyed , and got to be wiser.